Understanding Constipation in Ayurveda: Natural Remedies for Relief

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Constipation is a common digestive problem that affects people of all ages, from children to the elderly. It can be an uncomfortable and frustrating condition, but it’s essential to understand its causes, symptoms, and management strategies to alleviate discomfort and promote overall well-being. This article will explore constipation in detail, covering its definition, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and various treatment and prevention options.

In today’s fast-paced world, digestive issues have become all too common. One such prevalent problem is constipation. While modern medicine offers various solutions, Ayurveda, the ancient Indian holistic healing system, provides a unique perspective on dyschezia and offers natural remedies for relief.


What is Constipation in Ayurveda?

In Ayurveda, constipation is called “Vibandha” or “Malabaddhata.” It is seen as an imbalance in the Vata dosha, one of the three primary doshas governing our body. When Vata is aggravated, it disrupts the natural flow of Apana Vayu, the downward-moving energy responsible for bowel movements.

The Causes of Constipation

Understanding the root causes of dyschezia in Ayurveda is essential to address the issue effectively. Here are some common causes:

1. Dietary Factors

  • Inadequate intake of foods high in fiber
  • Irregular mealtimes
  • Overconsumption of dry, cold, or processed foods

2. Lifestyle Choices

  • Lack of physical activity
  • Suppression of natural urges (especially the urge for bowel movements)
  • Excessive stress and anxiety

3. Imbalanced Doshas

  • Vata imbalance is a primary factor
  • Pitta or Kapha imbalances can also contribute

Ayurvedic Remedies for Constipation

Ayurveda offers a treasure trove of natural remedies to alleviate constipation and restore balance to the digestive system. Here are some practical solutions:

1. Triphala Churna

Triphala, a combination of three fruits, is a well-known Ayurvedic remedy for dyschezia. It helps in regulating bowel movements and cleansing the digestive tract.

2. Castor Oil

Consuming a teaspoon of castor oil with warm milk at bedtime can lubricate the intestines and ease  dyschezia.

3. Abhyanga (Self-Massage)

Daily self-massage with warm sesame oil can pacify Vata dosha, promoting regular bowel movements.

4. Hydration

Drinking warm water throughout the day keeps the digestive system hydrated and aids in smooth bowel movements.

5. Yoga and Pranayama

Practicing yoga postures like Pavanamuktasana and Pranayama techniques like Anulom Vilom can enhance digestive health.

6. Dietary Changes

Including fiber-rich foods like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables in your diet can relieve constipation.

Ayurvedic Lifestyle Tips

Apart from remedies, adopting specific lifestyle changes can prevent  dyschezia in the long run:

1. Maintain a Routine

Eating and sleeping consistently helps regulate bodily functions, including bowel movements.

2. Manage Stress

Stress management through techniques like meditation and mindfulness can significantly impact digestive health.

3. Listen to Your Body

Pay attention to natural urges and respond promptly, especially when it comes to bowel move

Common Causes of Constipation

  1. Dietary Factors: A low-fiber diet is one of the most common causes of  dyschezia. Fiber makes the stool more voluminous and encourages regular bowel movements. Constipation can also be caused by drinking too little water.
  2. Lack of Physical Activity: A sedentary lifestyle can slow the digestive system. Regular exercise helps stimulate bowel movements.
  3. Medications: Certain medications, such as opioids, antacids containing aluminum or calcium, and some antispasmodic drugs, can lead to constipation as a side effect.
  4. Ignoring the Urge: Ignoring the natural urge to have a bowel movement can lead to constipation over time. The longer stool remains in the colon, the drier and harder it becomes.
  5. Medical Conditions: Constipation can be a symptom of underlying conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), hypothyroidism, diabetes, or neurological disorders.
  6. Stress and Anxiety: Emotional stress can affect gut motility, potentially leading to constipation.
  7. Age: Older adults are more prone to constipation due to decreased muscle tone in the colon and reduced physical activity.

Symptoms of Constipation

The most common symptoms of constipation include:

  1. Infrequent bowel movements: Having fewer than three bowel movements per week.
  2. Hard and Dry Stool: Stool that is difficult to pass and may require straining.
  3. Abdominal Discomfort: Pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen.
  4. Bloating: A feeling of fullness or abdominal bloating.
  5. Incomplete Evacuation: The sensation that you haven’t fully emptied your bowels after a bowel movement.
  6. Anal Fissures: Small tears in the lining of the anus due to straining during bowel movements.
  7. Rectal Bleeding: In severe cases, Costiveness can lead to rectal bleeding or hemorrhoids.

Diagnosis of Constipation

When experiencing chronic or severe costiveness, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional. Diagnosis typically involves:

  1. Medical History: Your doctor will ask about your diet, exercise habits, and any medications you’re taking.
  2. Physical Examination: A physical examination, including abdominal palpation, may be performed to check for abnormalities.
  3. Laboratory Tests: Blood tests may be ordered to rule out underlying medical conditions.
  4. Imaging: In some cases, imaging studies such as X-rays or colonoscopy may be recommended.

Treatment and Management

The treatment of constipation often depends on its underlying cause. Here are some common strategies to manage and prevent costiveness:

  1. Dietary Changes: Increase your fiber intake by eating more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. Fiber supplements can also help if dietary changes aren’t sufficient.
  2. Hydration: Drink plenty of water daily to keep stool soft and facilitate bowel movements.
  3. Regular Exercise: Exercise regularly to encourage intestinal motility.
  4. Laxatives: Over-the-counter or prescription laxatives can be used for short-term relief, but they should not be relied upon for extended periods without medical guidance.
  5. Stool Softeners: These medications help soften the stool, making it easier to pass.
  6. Biofeedback Therapy: In cases of chronic constipation, biofeedback therapy can help retrain the muscles involved in bowel movements.
  7. Prescription Medications: In severe cases or when other treatments fail, your doctor may prescribe medications to stimulate bowel movements.

Preventing Constipation

Prevention is often the best approach to managing Costiveness. Here are some tips to help prevent it:

  1. Maintain a High-Fiber Diet: Incorporate fiber-rich foods into your meals.
  2. Maintain Hydration: Drink a lot of water all day long.
  3. Regular Physical Activity: Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week.
  4. Listen to Your Body: Pay attention to your body’s natural signals for a bowel movement, and don’t ignore them.
  5. Manage Stress: Practice stress-reduction techniques like meditation or yoga.
  6. Limit Medication Use: Avoid medications that can cause Costiveness, or discuss alternatives with your healthcare provider.


As per Ayurveda, constipation is not just a physical issue but a reflection of an imbalance in the body’s energies. One can find lasting relief from this discomforting condition by understanding the root causes and adopting natural remedies and lifestyle changes.


1. Can Ayurveda cure chronic constipation?

Ayurveda can effectively manage chronic constipation by addressing the root causes and promoting digestive health through natural remedies and lifestyle changes.

2. How long does it take for Ayurvedic remedies to work for constipation?

The effectiveness of Ayurvedic remedies can vary from person to person. Some people might feel better in a few days, while others might need a few weeks.

Consistency is key.

3. Are there any side effects of Ayurvedic remedies for constipation?

Ayurvedic remedies are generally safe when used as directed. However, it’s essential to consult with an Ayurvedic practitioner before starting any treatment, especially if you have underlying health conditions.

4. Can I continue my regular medications alongside Ayurvedic remedies for constipation?

It’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional to ensure that there are no interactions between Ayurvedic remedies and your current medications.

5. Is constipation always related to dietary factors in Ayurveda?

While dietary factors play a significant role in constipation, Ayurveda considers a holistic approach, including lifestyle, stress, and dosha imbalances, when addressing the issue.

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